Vallo della Lucania is an Italian municipality of approx. 8500 people in the Province of Salerno, Campania Region.
Vallo della Lucania is the administrative center of the episcopal branch, and of the National Park of Cilento, Vallo di Diano and Alburni; is located on the west of Mount Gelbison and on the east of Mount Stella, only 13km far from the beach villages of Ascea and Casalvelino.
The ancient name of Vallo della Lucania was, according to the historian Giuseppe Maiese, Castrum Cornutum, from the place of origin of its founders whom, coming from Cornutum, in Dalmatia, reached the area during the 9th century; even if the first mention of the Village of “Cornutum” is on two parchments of the 13th century found in the Abbey of Cava, a document from 1052 instead talks about a “loco cornito” (cornito area) that, for its characteristic of trading crossroad, is residence of a longbard official, delegate from the central government to control the political, juridical and military administration of the area.
Looks then probable that to the name Castrum Cornutorum is linked the title of “carniculari” given to the heads of the roman military district; at those times Vallo was divided into two hamlets: Spio and Cornuti, divided by a river and connected by two bridges, today covered in the part facing the town hall, in today’s Vittorio Emanuele square.
The main development of the village was at the end of 15th century, when it passed under the control of the Santa Casa dell’Annunziata of Naples; during the 16th century, despite the plague that devastated the surrounding areas, Spio and Cornuti kept growing in political, economical and social importance, inside the State of Novi.
During the 18th century, the name of the city changed to Vallo di Novi, and later to Vallo; this period was the most prosperous for the city, thanks to the handcrafting of silk and leather.
Thanks to the above activities and a florid market, Vallo became a greatly rich center, and could save itself from the great illnesses and famine that hit the area like the tremendous shortage of wheat of 1764.
Thanks to the Church, at the end of 18th century, Vallo became an important cultural center, with the creation of schools of teology, philosophy and grammar; in 1808, as wanted by Gioacchino Murat, the hamlets of Massa, Angellara and Pattano became part of the territory of Vallo, while in 1809 public schools were founded; later on, in 1850 was inaugurated the Courthouse, and in 1851 the episcopal center; in general, from the riots of 1820/21 onwards, until Garibaldi times and subsequent unification of Italy, Vallo has been the soul and center of every patriotic and revolutionary initiative.
From 1811 until 1860, Vallo was administrative center of the namesake district of the Reign of Two Sicilies, same from 1861 until 1927, under the Reign of Italy; during the latter period, an economical crisis due to the no longer flourishing trades and the crisis of the agriculture to produce enough for the needs of the city, many citizens of Vallo emigrated to the American continent, which became the greatest dream and main destination of the young generations of that time; this phenomenon lasted until 1960’s, after a small forced interruption during the Fascist era (1927-1945).
Vallo della Lucania, awarded the title of “City” with a decree of the President of the Republic Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, is now the most important trading, services and cultural center of Cilento; together with the municipalities of Novi Velia and Cannalonga, Vallo della Lucania has the territorial property of Mount Gelbison, a sacred mountain, which hosts one of the most important religious hubs of Southern Italy, the Sanctuary of the Virgin of Novi Velia, destination of a flux of thousands of visitors from Italy and abroad annually.
The Municipality statute of Vallo della Lucania doesn’t mention any hamlet; based on the 14th General Census of population and housing, the main inhabitated centers, excluding Vallo della Lucania itself, are:
Monuments and places to visit
- Vittorio Emanuele III square
• Cathedral of San Pantaleone (1736)
• Church of Santa Veneranda, Angellara
• Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie (XIV sec.)
• Abbey of Pattano (10th century.), rich of bizantine frescoes paintings
- Portal of Pattano
• Four Lions Fountain
- Diocesan Museum
• Church of San Nicola
• Chapel of Santa Caterina d’Alessandria (17th century)
- Church of Santa Maria della Vittoria in Massa (16th century)
mozzarella ind' à mortèlla
alici marinate e baccalà fritto
laàne e ciciàri
Strada statale 18 Tirrena Inferiore.
Strada Regionale 488/e Innesto SP 47(bivio Cardile)-Moio della Civitella-Innesto SS 18(Vallo della Lucania).
Strada Provinciale 118 Innesto SR 488-Cannalonga-Cimitero di Cannalonga.
Strada Provinciale 201/a Innesto SS 18(Massa di Vallo della Lucania)-Piazza dei Martiri(Vallo della Lucania).
Strada Provinciale 201/b Innesto SS 18(Massa di Vallo della Lucania).
Strada Provinciale 351 Rione S.Crescenzo-Vallo della Lucania.
Strada Provinciale 365 Innesto SP 87-Metoio-Pattano-Innesto SS 18.
Strada Provinciale 406 Innesto SS 18(Vallo della Lucania)-Cimitero.
Strada Provinciale 430/b Svincolo Vallo Scalo-Pattano-Vallo della Lucania-Ceraso-Cuccaro V.-Futani.
Strada Provinciale 433 Innesto SP 365-Palistro-Innesto SR 447.
La stazione ferroviaria è quella di Vallo della Lucania-Castelnuovo, sulla linea ferroviaria Battipaglia-Reggio di Calabria ed è ubicata a Vallo Scalo a 7 km dal centro cittadino. I collegamenti Vallo Centro-Stazione FS sono assicurati dalle linee 104 e 109 del CSTP trasporto pubblico, con frequenza non continua.
Il trasporto pubblico è assicurato dal CSTP il quale garantisce numerose corse di collegamento tra la cittadina e il suo circondario e una linea diretta con l’Università degli Studi di Salerno.
Altre aziende di trasporto attive in città sono la RIAG per i collegamenti tra Vallo e la costa, Ascea e Casal Velino.
Le autolinee Lettieri garantiscono collegamenti diretti in pullman Vallo-Università, Vallo-Salerno, e Vallo-Napoli.
Le autolinee Giuliano inoltre assicurano una linea Vallo-Agropoli-Battipaglia-Salerno-Napoli.
E infine le autolinee Curcio per i collegamenti tra Vallo e Roma.
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