Roccagloriosa is a Municipality of approx. 1700 people in the Province of Salerno, Campania region; a small village of Cilento, it finds itself in a valley formed by the rivers Mingardo and Bussento, close to Mount Bulgheria, and together with its hamlet Acquavena, it’s part of National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano, declared UNESCO Heritage Site in 1998
Origins of the name
Popular tradition says that the name Roccagloriosa is formed by the latin word “Rocca, -ae” and “Gloriosa”; the first to indicate the strategic location of the village, for centuries a stronghold, the latter a veneration to the glorious Mary of Nazareth, mother of Jesus.
On the hill of “Le Chiaie”, rests from Bronze age have been recently found, while more numerous and important rests are dated from the Iron age (8th to 6th century BC), when in the area there was just a seasonal settlement, which became permanent starting from 5th century BC.
From 4th century BC instead, a defensive wall perimeter was built, leaving the necropolis outside; recently, on a bronze chart dated 3rd century BC, was found out that there was also an internal statute of rules and regulation for the everyday life, showing a highly mature complexity of the administration and civil life for this population.
At the end of 4th century AD, General Stilicone, just disembarked in the closeby Gulf of Policastro with his soldiers, found the area convenient for the troop to camp; they started raiding the closeby villages and the inhabitants were then forced to move to the main town, and from this forced union a new village was founded in 412AD, around a small church, an area call still today “Rocca”.
During the 6th century, following the bulgarian invasions, was built a new castle, and the hamlets of Acquavena, Celle Bulgheria and Rocchetta were established; in 590AD was conquered by Longobards, whom enlarged the castle, while during the 13th century the great Frederik II of Svevia made of this castle one of his “Castra Exempia” of his reign, directly cared by his most close collaborators.
During the 1950’s, the castle was destroyed, then finally demolished, and in the same period, Celle became indipendent.
From 1811 until 1860, Rocca has been part of the district of Torre Orsaia, part of the District of Vallo of the Reign of Two Sicilies, while from 1861 until 1927, under the Reign of Italy, Rocca was part of the District of Torre Orsaia, part of the District of Vallo della Lucania
Monuments and places to visit
- Church of St.John: built during the 11th Century, was restructured in 1763 for the third time. Inside can be found eight altars with the emblems of the families whom had the patronate over the church. The crypt hosted defuncts until 1831.
- Church of the Gloriosa: built in 412AD, is the oldest of the Municipality and dedicated to the Glorious mother of Jesus; was destroyed by the French in 1806 and by an earthquake in 1848.
- Church of St.Nicholas: built in the 17th century, enlarged during the 18th century.
- Church of Holy Mary of Marthyrs.
- Church of the rosary
- Chapel of St. Angel
- Cenobium of St.Mercury
- Church of the Carmine (Acquavena): 16th century
- Church of the Potentissima (Acquavena): 15th century
- De Caro Palace.
• Cavalieri Palace.
• Balbi Palace.
• De Curtis Palace.
• Marotta Palace.
• Bortone Palace.
• Pappafico Palace.
• La Quercia Palace.
- De Caro Palace.
- Castle of Roccagloriosa
- Archeological site of Roccagloriosa
Melanzana a scarpone
Pizza di scarola
Torroncino degli sposi
Strada Statale 18 Strada statale 18 Tirrena Inferiore
Strada Provinciale 17 Strada Provinciale 17/a Bosco-Acquavena-S.Cataldo.
Strada Provinciale 17 Strada Provinciale 17/b Bivio S.Cataldo-Celle di Bulgheria-Poderia-Ponte Mingardo.
Strada Provinciale 19 Strada Provinciale 19 Torre Orsaia-Roccagloriosa (loc. S.Cataldo).
Strada Provinciale 62 Strada Provinciale 62 Innesto SP 19-Abitato di Roccagloriosa.
Strada Provinciale 430 Strada Provinciale 430/d Roccagloriosa-Svincolo di Policastro Bussentino.
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